Elaeocarpus serratus

Elaeocarpus serratus L. (ELAEOCARPACEAE)
Common names
Ceylon olive.
Kannada: Beejada mara, Danda amba.
Tamil: Ularga karai.
Malayalam: Nalla Karra, Valiya Kara.

Description: Trees, 25-30 m tall, branchlets with persistent leaf scars.  Leaves alternate, oblong, obovate or  elliptic, 5-13 x 2.5 -6 cm, acute cuneate at base, acute, obtuse or shortly acuminate at apex, repand-serrate or crenate, coriaceous; petioles 2-6 cm long, with 2 leafy processes at apex. Flowers in 4-8 cm long, axillary, drooping racemes, creamy white, fragrant.Sepals 4-5, glandular. Petals 5, obovate, narrowed at base, laciniate, glabrous.  Stamens 30 -35; anthers oblong, puberulous, bearded.  Disc thick, glandular woolly.  Ovary pilose, 2-3 loculed. Fruit a drupe, oblong - obovoid or ellipsoid, 2.5 - 3.5 cm long, obtuse at apex, greenish yellow; pyrenes oblong, acute at apex, tuberculate, 1-2 seeded.     
Flowering: March - June  
Fruiting: July - October  
Distribution: India: Common in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests of Western Ghats at ca 1500 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka Tamil Nadu and Kerala;  Sikkim. Nepal,Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Malaysia and Indonesia (Java). 

Uses: The fruits which are subacrid are eaten and also pickled. Wood greyish white, soft and little used.  It is suitable for linings, packing cases and matchboxes.  Leaf antirheumatic, used as an antidote to poisoning; fruit  used in dysentery and diarrhoea.