Calamus nagabettai Fernandez & Dey.

Calamus nagabettai Fernandez & Dey. (PALMAE)
Common name
 Naga betha.

Description: Robust, clustering, high climbing canes; stems to 25 m or more long. Leaves up to 5 m long, upper ones cirrate, cirrus armed with claws; juvenile leaves brown; petioles up to 45 cm long, spiny; rachis spiny; sheaths yellowish green to green, brown tomentose when young, lower half densely spiny, spines in groups of 2-3, ca 3 x 0.5 cm, intermingled with bristle-like spines, mouth of sheath with up to 4 cm long spines; leaflets more or less equidistant ca 50 x 2 cm, linear-lanceolate, 3-5 veined. Male inflorescence up to 30 cm long; female inflorescence up to 70 cm long. Fruits ovoid- oblong to ovoid, ca 1.6 x 0.9 cm; scales in 15 rows, brown with hyaline margins, deeply channeled in the middle. Endosperm ruminate.

Flowering : December – January.
Fruiting : May – June.

Distribution: India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats.  Karnataka, Kerala.Endemic.

Uses:  A robust hard cane, used for making lathis, walking-sticks and for the frame work of furniture etc. It, however, is in short supply.