Calamus lakshmanae Renuka

Calamus lakshmanae Renuka (PALMAE)

Common name 
Kannada: Halu betha.

Description: Clustering, high climbing canes; stems to 20 m or more long, easily breaking. Leaves up to 1.7 m long, ecirrate; petioles up to 22 cm, spiny; sheath yellowish green to green, densely spiny, spines up to 1 cm long, bulbous based, distal younger sheaths with brown markings; knee present; leaflets more or less equidistant, up to 45 x 2 cm, linear – lanceolate, 3-veined, margins spinulose, terminal pair united to more than half their length. Inflorescence long, pendulous. Fruits ovoid, ca 10 x 7 mm; scales in 26 rows, channeled along the middle, yellowish brown, basal and apical portions brownish black. Endosperm ruminate.

Flowering : November.
Fruiting : May - June.

Distribution: India: Evergreen forests of Western Ghats at lower elevations. Karnataka. Endemic.

Uses:  A good cane used in furniture industry.