Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana

Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana   (PALMAE)

Description: Clustering, high climbing canes; stems to 20 m or more long. Leaves up to 1.5 m long, ecirrate; petioles up to 30 cm long; sheath yellow, lower part greenish brown or greenish yellow, brown tomentose when young, densely spiny, spines ca 2.5 cm long, mouth of sheath with spines up to 4 cm long; knee conspicuous; ocrea up to 6 cm long, with small spines; leaflets more or less equidistant, ca 50 x 2.5 cm, 3-veined, veins and margins spinulose, terminal pair united basally. Inflorescence long, long flagellate. Fruits globose, ca 8 mm across; scales in 19 rows, yellow with chestnut brown margins, light violet when ripe. Endosperm not ruminate.

Flowering : December -  January.
Fruiting : April – May.

Distribution: India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats between 530 – 1200 m. Karnataka. Endemic.

Uses:  Used in furniture industry.