Calamus hookerianus Becc

Calamus hookerianus Becc. (PALMAE)
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Common names
Malayalam: Kakkachural, Kallan, Vanthan, Velichural.

Description: Clustering, high climbing canes; stems more than 10 m long. Leaves up to 2 m long, ecirrate; petioles up to 75 cm long, spiny; rachis with a single row of spines; sheath brownish green, brown tomentose, densely spiny, spines triangular, the largest 2.5 x 0.5 cm; mouth of sheath with 15-18 cm long papery spines; knee when present not conspicuous; ocrea up to 8 cm long, caducous; flagellum up to 5 m long; leaflets more or less equidistant, up to 55 x 2.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, tip with short bristles. Inflorescence up to 5 m long; male inflorescence branching to 3 orders; female inflorescence branching to 2 orders. Fruits subglobose, ca 8 mm across; scales in 18 rows, yellowish brown with dark brown margins. Endosperm not ruminate.

Flowering : January – July.
Fruiting : July – December.

Distribution: India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats  up to 1000 m.  Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Endemic.

Uses:  Extensively used in furniture industry and basket-making.